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Self-care: Taking care of yourself: Lenta.ru

Urologist Grigoriev called renal colic the first manifestation of urolithiasis

Most often, the first manifestation of urolithiasis is renal colic – a sharp and very severe pain in the lower back, said the urologist, head of the Department of Urology at the Medical School of the European Medical Center Nikolai Grigoriev and urologist, head of the department of urology, GKB named after I.I. V.V. Vinogradov Sergei Belomytsev. They named the main causes and measures to prevent this dangerous and painful disease in an interview with Lenta.ru.

Urolithiasis is a disease of the genitourinary system, manifested by the appearance of stones in the cavitary system of the kidneys, which collects urine secreted by the kidney tissue and then transports it through the ureter to the bladder, Grigoriev said. According to him, the stones formed in the kidney may not make themselves felt for a long time and at the same time gradually increase in size.

Most often, the first manifestation of urolithiasis is renal colic – a sharply occurring very severe pain in the lower back. It develops in response to a violation of the outflow of urine from the kidney, when a stone that grew in it and previously existed asymptomatically suddenly began to move and got into the ureter, blocking it.

Nikolai GrigorievUrologist, MD, Head of the Department of Urology, European Medical Center School of Medicine

What contributes to the formation of kidney stones

The reasons for the formation of kidney stones can be external and internal, continued Grigoriev. To external he attributed malnutrition with a predominance of protein foods, sugar, poor quality of highly mineralized water, violations of phosphorus-calcium metabolism as a result of physical inactivity, dehydration.

Internal causes include pathologies and inflammations of the kidneys and urinary tract themselves, as well as injuries leading to immobility, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, endocrine system. Urolithiasis can be safely called a disease of civilization. People began to overeat and move less

Nikolai GrigorievUrologist, MD, Head of the Department of Urology, European Medical Center School of Medicine

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How can you protect yourself from this disease?

In order for unnecessary salts not to accumulate in the kidneys, it is critical to drink plenty of water, stressed urologist Sergei Belomyttsev. According to him, the liquid helps the kidneys to cleanse the body of waste products generated during the metabolic process. If they are not removed in a timely manner, they begin to crystallize and turn into sand and stones.

For normal excretion of waste substances, you need to drink 2-2.5 liters of water per day. Drinking should be distributed throughout the day so that the kidneys are evenly loaded. If you drink liquid regularly in equal volumes, the urine will be less concentrated, less salts will be formed in it. Also, for the prevention of urolithiasis, it is worth adhering to a balanced diet, limiting salty, spicy foods, coffee, alcohol and leading an active lifestyle.

Sergei Belomytsevurologist, candidate of medical sciences, head of the department of urology, GKB named after I.I. V. V. Vinogradova

Formerly dietitian Elena Tikhomirova reminded about the importance of drinking a glass of water on an empty stomach. According to her, among other things, this ritual helps prevent the formation of kidney stones and urinary tract infections.

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