I am I and I am also the other? Is the other me? Apart from all political considerations and with a touch of profound philosophy, what the President said in the Shout he gave on the night of the 15th has made me think of this: Long live freedom! Long live equality! Long live justice! Long live democracy! Long live sovereignty! Long live universal brotherhood! Long live peace! and then: Death to corruption! Death to classism! Death to racism! Here I am also thinking of the otherness that is defined in philosophy as the condition of being another, since everything the President said in the Shout of him has to do with the other, that is, with myself? It is a fact that in the cultural process there are very fine communicating vessels and that very deep currents of thought pass through them, through which an ancient wealth flows.
I explain. The culture to which we belong in the world in which we live and in which we coexist – to which I have already referred on another occasion – is defined as Western Judeo-Christian (Toynbee), for me with a Hellenic aroma. This means that any allusion to the guiding and evaluative principles of the same means an allusion to it. In other words, in this sense, the President’s Shout, whether he knew it or not, whether he was aware of it or not, contains its own specific elements of “Love one another”; I have already referred to this when I said verbatim: “It is a fact that in the cultural process there are very fine communicating vessels and that very deep currents of thought pass through them”. In other words: I am I and I am also the other? Is the other me? It is about nothing less than the moral and spiritual unity of our species, of the human. It is what Arthur Koestler sought with burning desperation, marked by political gusts, in The Zero and the Infinite, and what Milan Kundera did with overwhelming passion, raising doubts and existential problems, in The Unbearable Lightness of Being. By the way, I don’t know who translated Kundera’s book into Spanish but the word levity (slight) seems perfectly used in
the terms of the lines that I write because slight implies light, of little weight, fine, subtle. In other words, this is unbearable if we refer to the Being, which is quite the opposite. And it’s what Kundera’s character can’t stand. Why? Because the Being needs company, he needs the Other to be One (Unity). Love your neighbor as yourself, quote this one that is not religious but of high cultural, moral and social content. From this is deduced and inferred the solidarity that opposes racism (egoism), classism (egoism) and discrimination (egoism). Basic principles the previous ones, legal, which are protected and enshrined in article 1 of the Constitution. From my point of view, there is a national culture that comes from a universal source and cannot be avoided by those who handle ideas and concepts. Consciously or unconsciously, the President did not withdraw from it. It is a kind of cultural air that we breathe and at times when civil values such as the homeland, independence and freedom are evoked, our lungs are filled with that air. It is the spiritual atmosphere that from the human makes us transcend. The opposite is temporary and superficial jingoism. In short, the Grito was for me something very different from the patriotic party in which one brags about what one lacks. How right Disraeli was when he said: “I belong to a country, therefore I belong to the world.” Yes, to the world, the site of others and mine. The site of us.
EMERITUS PROFESSOR AT UNAM
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY AWARD
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