The government of St. Petersburg has published a draft program to ensure youth employment until 2030. In recent years, the proportion of employed citizens in this category has been declining.
The draft document was published on 21 September. Youth officials limit the age from 14 to 35 years. As the text says, “the level of employment of young people aged 15–29 years is below the average level of employment in St. Petersburg and has been characterized by a downward trend over the past years. In the age group of 15-19 years, the employment rate in 2018-2020 decreased from 4.8% to 1.7%, in the age group of 20-29 years – from 76.3% to 71.5%. The unemployment rate of young people aged 15-29 is 2.3 times higher than the average in St. Petersburg.”
At the same time, traditionally the highest unemployment rate is recorded in the group of 15–19 years old. At the beginning of 2021, 43,763 people under the age of 35 inclusive (44.7% of the total number of unemployed) were registered with the employment service as unemployed citizens.
Smolny calls the goal of the program the creation of conditions for the realization of the professional, labor and entrepreneurial potential of young people. The unemployment rate in the category from 15 to 29 years in 2023 should be no more than 4.5%, and in 2024 – 3.2%; in the category of 15-24 years old – 11.5% and 10%, respectively; in the category from 14 to 18 years old – 9% and 10%.
Among other things, it includes the expansion of career guidance activities, the promotion of employment of graduates who have completed secondary vocational education programs, the development of a system for supporting the professional self-determination of children and youth, the organization of job fairs, and the introduction of mentoring. In addition, the program provides assistance in the employment of graduates completing military service by conscription.